The Atlantic region bordering Senegal’s coast is nicknamed « blue gold ». These waters of West Africa are among the few fishing areas known for their fertility, and support many fishing communities. They play a vital role in the diet of the Senegalese population and West Africa.

Between 1994 and 2005, fish landings in Senegalese ports increased from 95,000 to 45,000 tonnes. According to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), most fish species are overexploited in this region. Before, fishermen could choose which fish to fish for, but today, as soon as they find them, they fish as much as they can.

And for good reason, with the climate warming and bad wintering, many farmers left the interior of the land to join the coasts making the crews and the number of artisanal fishermen canoes. Moreover the richness of these waters also attracts the lust of armaments, mainly Chinese and European. For more than a decade, under the guise of fishing agreements, Chinese and European boats have ventured into these waters to feed their respective markets or to supply raw materials to factories. animal meal for use in aquaculture or poultry farming.